• film

Independent Frames: American Experimental Animation in the 1970s and 1980s

Introspection

American animators in the 1970s and 1980s often turned their attention inward, producing personal films which corresponded to the deeply introspective diary filmmakers that formed a key part of the New American Cinema the previous decade. Representing oneself in a mediated fashion – not only through the moving image but graphically through animation – became particularly important during this period in which more women were active in the field of animation than ever before. From spoken autobiography to allegorical fantasy, artists such as Frank Mouris, Ayoka Chenzira, Sky David and Kathy Rose found ways to intertwine their lives and personalities between the frames of their animated films.


A Brand New Day

Jane Aaron, 1974, digital, 3 min.


Frank Film

Frank and Caroline Mouris, 1973, 35mm.

Print courtesy of the Academy Film Archive


Hair Piece: A Film for Nappy-Headed People

Ayoka Chenzira, 1985, 16mm, 10 min.


Moon Breath Beat

Lisze Bechtold, 1981, 35mm, 5 min.

Print courtesy of the Academy Film Archive


Glass Gardens

Lisa Crafts, 1982, 16mm, 5 min.


Ace of Light

Sky David (formerly Dennis Pies), 1984, 35mm, 8 min.

Print courtesy of the Academy Film Archive


Penetralia

Karen Aqua, 1976, 16mm, 4 min.


Pencil Booklings

Kathy Rose, 1978, 16mm, 14 min.

Print courtesy of the Academy Film Archive


Voices

Joanna Priestly, 1985, 16mm, 4 min.

Print courtesy of the Academy Film Archive


Hand Held Day

Gary Beydler, 1975, 16mm, 6 min.


Independent Frames is supported by the Christian R. and Mary F. Lindback Foundation and the Cinema Studies Department at the University of Pennsylvania

Independent Frames: American Experimental Animation in the 1970s + 1980s

 

This series examines the work of a group of American artists who approached film through independently-produced, frame-by-frame animations in the 1970s and 80s. Made primarily by artists with no formal animation training, the selection of films in this programme incorporates autobiography, visual fantasy, abstraction, medium specificity and biting satire. Several works were broadcast at the time and others distributed on home video, affording these artists a level of success and reach beyond that which other artist-filmmakers of their era could attain. Building on the work of earlier generations of experimental animators such as Mary Ellen Bute, Standish Lawder, Harry Smith and Stan Vanderbeek – some of whose works are included in these screenings – this new generation of filmmakers elaborated on inherited techniques and proceeded to pioneer their own. Some artists explored cel and hand-drawn animation (Sally Cruikshank, Suzan Pitt, Mary Beams) while others explored new directions in kinetic collage (Frank Mouris, Paul Glabicki). Some used flicker and abstraction (Robert Russett, Adam Beckett, Barry Spinello) and others explored the affective potential of film through psychedelic fantasy (Sky David, Lisa Crafts). Through five screening programmes, Independent Frames: American Experimental Animation in the 1970s + 1980s highlights themes of the body and sexuality, abstraction and psychedelia, structure and composition, autobiographical reflection and the influence of commercial animation. Lending historical context to recent developments in both animation studies and the role of animation in contemporary art, the series is a timely investigation of this era of invention and energy in experimental animation, suggesting a landscape of artists whose work needs to be considered anew.

Independent Frames is curated by Herb Shellenberger.